Cardiac Rhythm Management
Articles Articles 2018 October

Considering Factors in the Single- Versus Dual-coil Lead Debate

DOI: 10.19102/icrm.2018.091008

CLAUDIO TONDO, MD, PHD, FESC, FHRS1

1Heart Rhythm Center at Monzino Cardiac Centre, IRCCS Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health University of Milan, Milan, Italy

PDF Download PDF

KEYWORDS.Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, inappropriate shock, lead extraction.

The author reports no conflicts of interest for the published content.
Address correspondence to: Claudio Tondo, MD, PhD, FESC, FHRS, Centro Cardiologico, Via Carlo Parea, 4-20138 Milan, Italy. Email: claudio.tondo@cardiologicomonzino.it.

The case report by Gul et al.1 is well-written and reports a potential untoward effect promoted by the implantation of a dual-coil implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead.

A close observation of the patient’s chest X-ray (Figure 1B) provided by the authors reveals that the superior vena cava (SVC) coil is shifted downward, close to the tricuspid valve. Therefore, it appears that the SVC coil was already approaching the tricuspid valve by the postprocedure time.

The information provided by this clinical case is undoubtedly crucial, highlighting the relevance of encouraging the implantation of single-coil ICDs so as to reduce the potential of such a complication. Though recent research suggests that the implantation of dual-coil ICDs could still be more popular at this time in clinical practice,2 according to one meta-analysis, dual-coil ICDs may demonstrate higher rates of lead-related complications and all-cause mortality.3 Separately, when used for primary prevention in patients without indications for pacing, dual-chamber devices were associated with a higher risk of device-related complications and similar one-year mortality and hospitalization outcomes versus single-chamber devices.4

In the case of a need for lead extraction, single-coil ICD leads may be easier to remove due to the greater tension required to successfully extract dual-coil ICD leads.5 Dual-coil ICD implantation with SVC coil placement may also further increase the difficulty of (by 2.6-fold) and risk of complications during lead extraction.6

Varying data exist regarding the inappropriate shock rates of single-coil and dual-coil devices, though a number of studies suggest there is no significant difference between the two.710 However, the other aforementioned factors support the thought posed by Gul et al.,1 that perhaps single-coil ICDs should be considered first for implantation before dual-coil devices wherever appropriate.

References

  1. Gul EE, Boles U, Yildirim B. Ineffective shock deliveries in a patient with ischemic cardiomyopathy: shock vector matters. J Innov Cardiac Rhythm Manage. 2018;9(10):3355–3356. [CrossRef]
  2. Pokorney SD, Parzynski CS, Daubert JP, et al. Temporal trends in and factors associated with use of single- versus dual-coil implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads: data from the NCDR ICD Registry. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2017;3(6):612–619. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Kumar P, Baker M, Gehi AK. Comparison of single-coil and dual-coil implantable defibrillators: a meta-analysis. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2017;3(1):12–19. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Peterson PN, Varosy PD, Heidenreich PA, et al. Association of single- vs dual-chamber ICDs with mortality, readmissions, and complications among patients receiving an ICD for primary prevention. JAMA. 2013;309(19):2025–2034. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Yu Z, Wu Y, Qin S, et al. Comparison of single-coil lead versus dual-coil lead of implantable cardioverter defibrillator on lead-related venous complications in a canine model. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2018;52(2):195–201. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Epstein LM, Love CJ, Wilkoff BL, et al. Superior vena cava defibrillator coils make transvenous lead extraction more challenging and riskier. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013;61(9): 987–989. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Jonik S, Balsam P, Vitali-Serdoz L, Grabowski M. Inappropriate shocks for ICD patient—single- ves. Dual-chamber devices. Heart Beat Journal. 2017;2:33–35. [CrossRef]
  8. Friedman PA, Bradley D, Koestler C, et al. A prospective randomized trial of single- or dual-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators to minimize inappropriate shock risk in primary sudden cardiac death prevention. Europace. 2014;16(10):1460–1468. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Peterson PN, Greenlee RT, Go AS, et al. Comparison of inappropriate shocks and other health outcomes between single- and dual-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death: results from the Cardiovascular Research Network Longitudinal Study of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017;6(11). pii: e006937. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Gonçalves J, Pereira T. Inappropriate shocks in patients with ICDs: single chamber versus dual chamber. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2013;101(2):141–148. [CrossRef] [PubMed]